Daily Debriefing

President Barack Obama and a bipartisan group of senators have proposed separate immigration reform measures to help illegal immigrants who are studying in the United States attain citizenship and allow international students to remain in the country to work after graduating from American universities, The Chronicle of Higher Education reported. These plans aim to accelerate the processes of granting green cards and citizenship to “dreamers” students who were brought into the US as children. Neither plan indicates whether these students would be eligible for federal financial aid. Immigrant students, however, now qualify for deferred action, which allows them to apply for work permits rather than deportation, following a change in policy by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services in June. Since August, nearly 4,000 students a day have applied for this reprieve, according The Chronicle.

Members of Yale University’s Advisory Committee on Investor Responsibility said Thursday that they would look into divesting endowment funds from the fossil fuel industry, the Yale Daily News reported. Students from the Yale Student Environmental Coalition said they hope to work with administrators to craft a plan of action. The students applied ethical frameworks to the issue of fossil fuels, consulting “The Ethical Investor,” a book that the committee had previously consulted for Yale’s divestment guidelines. If the ACIR agrees with the students’ proposal, the case will be recommended to Yale Corporation’s Committee on Investor Responsibility, which will make the final decision on divestment. Members of the YSEC and Fossil Free Yale delivered a 45-minute presentation to the advisory committee last Thursday on a divestment report they began drafting during the fall semester.

Barnard College, a women’s college affiliated with Columbia University, adopted a Good Samaritan policy on Jan. 28 that Columbia implemented last fall, the Columbia Spectator reported. The policy grants students immunity from disciplinary action when seeking medical attention for themselves or peers under the influence of drugs or alcohol. For many years, Barnard’s administrators have followed this policy, but it was unknown to many students because it was not written out. Columbia Emergency Medical Services has received more calls since the implementation of the policy, indicating that students have been receptive to its help provisions. Students who use the Good Samaritan policy are required to seek counseling and complete an alcohol and substance awareness program assessment after they receive medical aid.

Geisel accepts juniors through early assurance

Five members of the Class of 2014 breathed a sigh of relief on Jan. 30 after discovering that they had been accepted into the Geisel School of Medicine through its early assurance program.

The program, which launched this academic year, provides binding admittance to Geisel for Dartmouth students in their junior year.

Applications to the program were due in October, with interviews and application review occurring throughout November and December. Applicants were not required to take the Medical College Admissions Test and instead submitted their SAT scores.

Nayrana Carneiro ’14 said she felt “on top of the world” upon receiving her acceptance.

“The program is an awesome opportunity to attend a great medical school without going through the stress of the MCATS and the medical school application process,” she said.

Carneiro said her admittance to Geisel will help her reach her goal of working in South America for Doctors Without Borders, an international medical humanitarian organization that provides assistance to populations in poverty.

“I absolutely love how Geisel has an enormous focus on global health, and that played a huge role in my decision to apply,” she said.

Matt Sattler ’14 said in an email he is excited to more fully devote himself to on-campus studies and activities during his senior year rather worry about post-graduation plans.

“I was simply ecstatic when I heard I’d been accepted,” he said. “Of course, I’d been hoping I’d be accepted, but there were so many qualified applicants that I never actually thought it would happen. The best part has been the outpouring of support from my friends and family.”

Sattler has wanted to be a doctor for as long as he can remember.

“It’s incredible to think how much closer to that goal I am now,” he said.

Those accepted to the program said they were unsure what they would select as a specialty once they began.

“I am going into medical school with an open mind,” Julia Berkowitz ’14 said. “I know that I would like to somehow advance whichever specialty I choose, through research, teaching and clinical practice.”

Sattler said he would like to practice medicine with a focus on patient care and interaction, such as family medicine or pediatrics, but has not yet made his decision.

Geisel will allow Dartmouth students to take a gap year before entering medical school.

By admitting students in their junior year, Geisel hopes to strengthen the connection between the medical school and the College, Geisel admissions director Andy Welch said in a July meeting.

Berkowitz said that Geisel’s focus on community and desire to create leaders in a supportive environment sparked her interest in the program.

“Having a smaller medical school class encourages relationships among peers and more one-on-one attention with our professors,” she said.

Carneiro said she looks forward to Geisel’s supportive atmosphere and described the campus as a place where “students look out for each other.”

Sattler was attracted to Geisel’s humanistic approach to medicine, he said.

“One of the things that Geisel does very well is mediating doctor-patient interactions right from the first year,” he said. “The school’s strong ties with Dartmouth-Hitchcock are also a huge draw.”

Former DHMC resident files lawsuit

Former resident at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center Thersia Knapik has filed a lawsuit against the hospital, claiming that she was wrongfully terminated for reporting a coworker for ethics violations. Knapik worked in DHMC’s plastic surgery department for five years as an intern and later as a resident.

Knapik was fired last June after reporting a fellow surgical resident at DHMC, according to a complaint filed by her lawyer in the Vermont District Court.

The resident received a probation letter from the director of her residency program due to concerns about her competence and professionalism, according to the lawsuit. The reported resident was cited as not adequately knowing “the steps of the operations [they] were performing.”

After the resident omitted this letter from her application to a fellowship program, Knapik reported her colleague, citing doubts about her integrity.

Knapik was fired shortly before the residency program’s graduation in June, according to Norman Watts, Knapik’s lawyer.

The resident received a “quality assurance letter,” not a disciplinary one, representatives from DHMC stated in court documents. Court documents indicate that the hospital fired Knapik because she engaged in “behavior incompatible with the role of a physician and counter to the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Code of Ethical Conduct.”

Knapik said she felt ethically obliged to report the resident’s omission and prioritized her integrity as a physician over institutional policies, according to the complaint.

Watts cited DHMC’s accreditation by the American Medical Association as justification for Knapik’s actions. The AMA’s code of ethics mandates that a physician report any unethical behavior in their colleagues, he said.

DHMC fired Knapik the day before she completed her residency program, according to Watts.

After Knapnik was dismissed, the hospital contacted the University of Miami and Knapik was unable to pursue her plans for a fellowship there.

DHMC refused to help Knapik find a fellowship elsewhere, effectively ending her career in medicine, according to Watts.

“Now, we find the medical academic world totally rebuffing her,” he said.

Knapik’s defense is requesting full compensation for the damages related to her dismissal and subsequent inability to pursue a medical career, Watts said. These costs include punitive damages, attorney and court fees and other sanctions as determined by the jury.

“Her earning power as a specialized surgeon would have been very significant. easily in the millions,” he said.Watts declined to comment on the details of the case beyond the court documents, citing the ongoing lawsuit.

Knapik now lives in the Upper Valley area, but does not have a job as a medical professional, according to Watts.

“It appears that her career is over, even though she completed the five years required for the residency program with high marks,” he said.

DHMC does not comment on individual academic decisions or ongoing judicial processes, spokesperson Rick Adams said in an email.

“By way of background, Dartmouth-Hitchcock has many academic training programs for doctors, called residency programs, all of which have very high standards to ensure all who receive our training are outstanding future physicians medically, professionally and ethically,” he said.

DHMC responded to Knapik’s complaint by stating that no professional standards motivated Knapik to report her colleague and that Knapik’s conduct caused any damages she experienced, according to court documents.

Watts said he has been involved in lawsuits against DHMC in the past. The firm’s most recent case against the hospital occurred two months ago, during which DHMC was accused of overbilling the government, Watts said. The case was settled, and DHMC paid roughly $2.2 million to the state of Vermont, the state of New Hampshire and federal health programs.

The suit coincides with two other lawsuits against DHMC’s residency programs. Jennifer Connors, a former resident in the psychiatric department, is suing on the grounds that she was discriminated against because of her documented attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Former DHMC resident Jeffrey Isaacs is suing DHMC for alleged coercion, stress and abuse that left him in a state of mental shock and resulted in wrongful termination

Staff reporter Zan Song contributed reporting for this article.

College markets itself through website, video, campus visits

In order to attract prospective students, the Admissions Office employs a wide-ranging outreach effort that includes maintaining the admissions website, broadcasting video chats, meeting with visitors on campus and conducting recruitment trips, according to admissions director Paul Sunde. Freshmen interviewed, however, said that they did not receive a significant number of promotional materials from Dartmouth before applying and that marketing efforts, other than campus visits, did not impact their decision to matriculate.

Fifteen Dartmouth admissions officers work with support staff on marketing, communications and outreach efforts, according to Sunde.

“It is a portfolio of activities that we engage in each year to build as strong and diverse of an applicant pool as we can,” he said.

The Admissions Office records the number of people who take part in these new outreach efforts and looks at how many of them apply to Dartmouth to determine whether an initiative was successful, according to Sunde.

“We are always changing and looking at what has been successful and what we can do better,” Sunde said.

The office is currently designing a new website, renovating the public spaces in McNutt Hall and revising admissions publications.

“Our intent is to align the thematic and content experiences of prospective students online, on paper and on campus,” he said.

Dartmouth works with the College Board and ACT to identify promising high school students and reaches out to them through email campaigns and viewbooks in order to build their interest in Dartmouth, Sunde said.

Anna Ghnouly ’16 said she does not remember materials she received because she applied to 16 schools.

“I was not lured to come to Dartmouth because of pamphlets,” she said. “I visited and I really liked it.”

Alice Lu ’16 said she wished Dartmouth had provided her with more information about the College when she was applying.

Dartmouth admissions officers host information sessions across the U.S. and internationally for high school students unable to visit campus.

The office hopes to implement more traveling in the future and coordinate presentations with peer institutions, according to Sunde.

The core message about Dartmouth is always its academic excellence, but this characteristic does not necessarily distinguish the College from peer institutions, according to Sunde.

The office aims to promote Dartmouth’s distinguishing features including its strong undergraduate teaching, the flexibility of the Dartmouth Plan and opportunities both to go abroad and engage in independent research with faculty. The tight-knit supportive community also helps to distinguish Dartmouth from peers, he said.

Penelope Williams ’16 said the promotional materials portrayed Dartmouth as an institution filled with motivated students.

Williams received a welcome packet, emails and access to a video featuring campus life after she was accepted.

The College did not compare itself to other institutions in its materials, but did emphasize its size, diversity and attention to undergraduate education, Williams said.

“They weren’t too pushy, which I actually really liked,” she said.

Dartmouth’s marketing efforts had varying effects on students’ decisions to apply and matriculate, according to freshmen interviewed.

Amy Chang ’16 said the efforts made the College seem more attractive and played a role in her decision to matriculate.

Lu said that Ivy League universities’ reputations are sufficient for attracting prospective students.

“I think achievements themselves are the most effective marketing strategy,” she said. “I’m not going to change a lot based on what I see in a brochure or handout or something I see posted on a bulletin board.”

Feyaad Allie ’16 also said that his decision to apply to Dartmouth early decision was not affected by admissions outreach material.

In the past year, some universities have hired chief marketing officers to handle their outreach efforts, according to The Wall Street Journal.

At Purdue University, a team of 80 at the media and marketing office run all university marketing efforts ranging from digital media to branding, according to chief marketing officer Teresa Thompson.

Thompson said her position did not exist before she began working at Purdue in August 2008.

“Higher education is becoming a more competitive environment, and there is a pretty cluttered marketplace,” she said.

Since Thompson’s arrival, Purdue has received more applications, experienced an increased yield rate and recorded greater website and mobile traffic, she said.

“We know that students need to be engaged with the institution in order to choose that institution,” she said.

At DePaul University, a staff of 37 people focuses on marketing efforts, according to senior vice president of enrollment management and marketing David Kalsbeek.

Overall, 300 people are involved with marketing and communications in either a direct or indirect way, serving as career counselors, admissions officers or in other positions.

“The recruitment process is one small part of our overall marketing and recruitment strategy,” Kalsbeek said.

“We Are Not Anonymous” campaign targets campus bias

A display in Baker-Berry Library features personal accounts from community members addressing discrimination and bias at the College.

“I am an athlete and I am not dumb!” “Your frat basement, My Body.” “Just because I’m black, doesn’t mean that I’m a source on all things black… professor!” These were among the dozens of statements of resistance to discrimination that lined the hallway leading to King Arthur Flour in Baker-Berry Library on Monday. Scrawled across pages of colored paper, the posters stopped many passing through the library in their steps.

The “We Are Not Anonymous Campaign” is the Inter-Community Council’s latest efforts to combat recent bias incidents and provide a forum for those who have experienced discrimination. The display also features a slide show that highlights each written message. Cards describing how to report acts of bias via the College’s online bias incident reporting form are located by the slide show.

Students are invited to share their personal accounts throughout the week by submitting written messages in a box near the display.

“These additional stories will be added to the display throughout the week. We encourage community members to attach their names to their stories,” ICC co-chair Elise Smith ’13 said in an email.

The campaign intends to create a space for community members to share their experiences of discrimination at Dartmouth.

“ICC wanted to provide a space for students to share their experiences and to take a stand against discrimination on this campus and help build a stronger, safer community,” Smith said in the email. “We hope to encourage students and community members to report instances of bias and intolerance.”

In response to recent incidents of bigotry, the Office of Pluralism and Leadership held an open discussion on Jan. 25 on the impact of discrimination on campus. The event encouraged students, faculty and administrators to participate in small group discussion at the meeting, OPAL director Alysson Satterlund said.

“It’s very important not to dismiss these instances when they happen to students, staff, faculty and administrators because if you keep asking people to deny their experiences, the community can’t move forward,” she said.

The ICC first shared their concept of the “We Are Not Anonymous Campaign” at the Jan. 25 meeting, which was attended by more than 100 students, faculty and staff.

Lorea Barturen Tu’14 said that the display is an important first step to creating change on campus.

“These stories sound like just the beginning of a dialogue, and this presentation seems like the first step in a much larger discussion that needs to happen on campus,” she said.

Courtnie Crutchfield ’13 said she appreciated that students signed their names in the display.

“I think it’s incredible when these things happen,” she said. “When the topics are sensitive, people tend to want to be anonymous, but it is seen as much more honest and powerful when the names are attached.”

Sadia Hassan ’13 said the presentation is a powerful way to confront unnoticed acts of aggression.

“I think it provides a way for students to speak to their experiences and have others be forced to contend with it because it’s in a public space,” she said.

The ICC will be hosting another meeting to discuss different projects that may contribute to campus discussion of bias on Friday in Kemeny Hall, according to Satterlund.

10-minute play festival gives novice actors chance to perform

Purgatory, colleges and hotel rooms might seem to have little in common, but these are just a few of the settings that will appear in tonight’s 10-minute play festival. The festival which occurs once a term and typically features five or six short plays, all written by student playwrights will include eight plays.

Jaymes Sanchez ’13 and Laura Neill ’13, co-presidents of the Displaced Theater Company, are both producers and directors of the festival.

“It’s is a very low time commitment,” Sanchez said. “It’s a nice gateway for getting more involved in theater. Maybe you’ve never done it before; maybe you’ve done it a little; maybe you’re taking three lab classes this term and wanted to try something different.”

Participation in the plays does not require an audition; instead, students who sign up are given roles regardless of their level of acting experience. The entire process, from casting to performance, takes around a week.

“I think it’s great for Dartmouth because people are so busy; it’s not always easy to find time for what you want to do,” Jacqui Calloway ’14, who is acting in the festival, said. “You get to have the script during the performance, so it’s very low stress. No one forgets their lines.”

While Calloway is a theater minor who has performed in the festival before, other students such as Anna Gabianelli ’16 said the festival is great way for people like her with limited acting experience to get a chance to perform.

“It’s good for people who don’t want to commit a lot of time but still want to be in a show,” Gabianelli said. “I think I only have three or four hours of rehearsal total.”

Because there is no audition process, Sanchez and Neill cast the parts arbitrarily, Sanchez said.

“I do try to distribute the people I know among all the plays, so that they aren’t all in one play,” he said.

Sanchez explained that this term has more plays than usual due to the popularity of the festival.

“We ended up having more actors sign up than we had parts for,” he said. “I found out two days ago that I had to write a play, otherwise five people wouldn’t get parts.”

Calloway said that she had not begun to rehearse yet, as her play was still being written.

In addition to casting, Sanchez and Neill are in charge of selecting the featured plays from the plethora of student submissions.

“Generally the plays we get are about a lot of random things,” Sanchez said. “We have one about two people having a conversation about literature and philosophy in purgatory; another is about two college guys going out on a Friday night. Another is a comedy about two guys having to share a bed in a hotel room.”

When determining which play submissions to select, Sanchez and Neill focus on those that are the most structurally sound and appropriate for the stage, Sanchez said. The result is a spectrum of playwrights with a wide variety of experience.

“We have a few people who have never written a play before and some people who have submitted a bunch of times,” Sanchez said.

Prior to the festival, Chris Gallerani ’15 said he had never written a play. Tonight, his play will be featured alongside the likes of Cooper Stimson ’13, who is an award-winning filmmaker, and Maia Matsushita ’13, who received a Dodd Prize in the Frost Dodd Competition, last year for her play “Higher Ground.”

“There’s a nice cross section of plays,” Matsushia said.

Gallerani had always wanted to try writing a play, and the festival gave him the opportunity to do so, he said.

“I’m really excited, it was fun to write,” he said. “It was written for a man and a woman but it’s been cast with two women. I’ll be very interested to see how it turns out and if it makes me see it differently.”

Although Matsushita takes many playwriting courses at the College, she was interested in participating in the festival because she does not often get to hear her work performed, she said.

“It’s a good experience, to be able to hear what’s working and what isn’t,” she said.

A recent addition to the festival is a writing workshop that will be held after the performances, Sanchez said. Previously, workshops occurred before the festival as a way to bring the writers together. After seeing the plays performed onstage, the writers can now get more feedback about what elements worked and what others were not as effective with the audience, he said.

“That’s the direction that [Neill] and I want to take it in,” he said. “We want to honor what the playwrights are doing with their work.”

The 10-minute play festival will take place tonight at 7:30 p.m. in Bentley Theater.

Orchestra brings authentic Baroque sound to Hop

Tonight the Venice Baroque Orchestra will take its audience back in time as it performs works on original period instruments. The orchestra will play selections by Vivaldi, Veracini, Porpora and Geminiani.

Andrea Marcon, a harpsichordist and Baroque scholar, has directed the orchestra since its creation 15 years ago. Marcon began his musical involvement playing piano and organ in Venice.

As he grew older, Marcon realized that there lacked a group that focused on music of the Baroque era, a period of artistic style that began in the 17th century in Rome that exaggerates motion and clear, easily interpreted detail.

“There were early music ensembles, but not a Baroque orchestra,” Marcon said.

Unlike many orchestras playing today, the Venice Baroque Orchestra performs on authentic period instruments that are different from the modernized instruments used to play classical music today. The instruments include strings and winds that Baroque composers wrote for and heard themselves.

The purpose of utilizing these rare instruments is to get “near to the thought of the composer,” Marcon said.

The period instruments are prized for their distinct sound and range capabilities, Hopkins Center classical music student relations advisor Julia Floberg ’11 said.

Floberg, a cellist, said she took special note of the orchestra’s use of period string instruments.

“The gut strings make the instruments warmer,” Floberg said. This will result in a sound that is “so different to modern ears.”

Artists during the Baroque period wrote for audiences with different music perceptions than ours. In the classic and romantic traditions, performers played “exactly as the composer wanted; overtly expressive, in your face,” she said.

In contrast, Baroque composers provided a general framework that musicians would interpret. Baroque composers also dealt with “set social conventions, especially in higher echelons,” and they expressed their emotion “beneath the surface” of the music, Floberg said. The orchestra promises viewers an experience for the eyes as well as the ears, not only because most of the instrumentalists stand while they play, but because they bring a “lot of energy on stage; they communicate with each other,” Floberg said.

Marcon conducts while playing the harpsichord, in the traditional style of great masters such as Handel and Telemann.

This concert is ideal for viewers with different backgrounds who might not be familiar with Baroque or classical music, Marcon said.

“The exposition of colors coming out from these concertos from the greatest composers of the 18th century is to show the diversity of Baroque music,” Marcon said. “Nothing more fresh, nothing more energetic than to hear the music of the VBO.”

Students from different listening backgrounds said they are looking forward to the performance with an open mind.

“I would definitely not consider myself a classical fanatic,” Holly Foster ’14 said. “I have an appreciation for classical music and I occasionally listen to it when I’m studying. It’s very calming, like the light, springtime, Vivaldi radio type music.”

Carly Kuperschmid ’16, classical guitar fan, and Sam Van Wetter ’16, who saw the string quartet Brooklyn Rider perform at Friday Night Rock, also showed interest in attending the performance.

Richard Fu ’13, who said he mainly listens to classical music from the early 20th century and Romantic period, said he hopes to go to the concert.

“It’s important to expand horizons, to become more open-minded, more knowledgeable,” Fu said.

Fu is considering pursuing a doctorate in musicology and encourages students who might not be familiar with classical music to attend tonight’s performance.

“It’s like when you don’t know anything about art but you take an introductory art class and it becomes a genuine interest,” Fu said. “It can open new doors for you.”

The Venice Baroque Orchestra will play in Spaulding Auditorium tonight at 7 p.m. The performance will be followed by an informal discussion with the musicians.

Albrecht: Daily Skepticism

It is easy to passively accept widespread beliefs under the umbrella of “common knowledge.” We believe these things because everyone does, so someone, somewhere must have done their research. It is seemingly quicker to accept something for instance, that recycling is a consequence-free solution to environmental problems than to go online and look up the facts ourselves.

If one did look up the facts about recycling, however, this is what one would find. Single-sort recycling, like the kind we have here at Dartmouth, actually decreases recycling plant productivity. Through single-stream, the purity of recycled materials is decreased, which means more of what we recycle eventually goes into a landfill. Furthermore, recycling is still a manufacturing process and impacts the environment like any other. Recycling plants change the nature of pollution and sometimes actually increase it. Clearly, as a whole, recycling is not the faultless knight that much of society accepts it to be.

I am no environmental expert. I spent five minutes on Google, searched “recycling pros and cons” and read some of what came up. I do not claim to know the intricacies of the environmental impact of recycling. I will, however, claim that I know more now than I did five minutes ago and that my opinions have some evidence to back them up. There is rarely any harm in research that overpowers the damage that ignorance brings.

Why do you believe what you believe? This is not a question that refers only to spirituality and ethics, though doubt and questioning should most certainly be applied there. Thorough skepticism is frequently kept within the realms of philosophy and theology, dealing primarily with obtuse questions of existence itself. While it does make for great conversation, these existentialist endeavors have little practical use in the dullness of our daily lives. However, those concepts can and should be applied to the world around us. Instead of doubting the very existence of our hands and minds, doubt advertising and politicians. Doubt what your mother told you were unimpeachable truths, doubt what you believe solely because you believe it.

Through questioning and research, beliefs become informed, intentional and strong. Ignorance, on the contrary, can cause you to unknowingly aid abuse and corruption. Thus, it is necessary to possess informed beliefs about everything we can. If you vote for a politician, ask yourself why. Research his policies, his speeches, his voting record give your belief evidential support. Otherwise, it means little to nothing.

Passive acquiescence thus harms society because it perpetuates falsities within both our collective systems and our individual selves. Uninformed actions can assist government corruption (know for whom you are voting), corporate greed (know where your money is going) and the systematic abuse of human rights (because the politicians for whom we vote and the corporations from which we buy sometimes engage in very questionable activities).

These kinds of unintentionally damaging actions are usually driven by apathy, which by its very nature does not care if it brings harm. That is what apathy is a lack of interest, enthusiasm or concern. Granted, a certain degree of apathy is necessary to function, as otherwise society would stop. Everyone would constantly be pained because of the vastness of human suffering in the world, immobilized by a feeling of helplessness and grief. But that necessary degree of apathy should be exactly that ? a degree. Yet for many people, it is a ubiquitous aspect of their lives. Apathy and laziness go hand in hand, after all, and it is so much easier to be lazy.

Yet, the time saved through intellectual laziness is negligible; the knowledge it brings, incalculable. When push comes to shove, empathy and knowledge always trump apathy and ignorance.

Recycling plastic may use more energy than it is actually worth. American Apparel’s chief executive officer has been accused of routinely engaging in horrific employee abuse. Acupuncture fails under scientific rigor to produce anything more than the placebo effect. Urban Outfitters, that bastion of liberal aesthetics, has a staunchly conservative founder and has been accused of stealing designs from independent artists. Saintly figures like Mother Teresa and historical heroes like Abraham Lincoln are decidedly not perfect and never were.

Don’t believe me? Maybe you should, maybe you shouldn’t. Do your research.

Beechert: Upholding Our Principles

The honor code is an aspect of the experience at Dartmouth that, at least in part, exists abstractly. The broad principles of the honor code, which center around academic honesty and integrity, rarely assume a discretely tangible form. Apart from blatant cases such as cheating on an exam or plagiarizing an essay, it is sometimes difficult to draw a clear line between what is acceptable under the honor code and what is not. Subjective judgments are often required to make determinations in more nuanced situations, the outcomes of which may have far-reaching implications. So, while it is an admirable and important part of Dartmouth life, the honor code is a tricky concept to corral. What, exactly, does “honor” entail and how can we best defend it?

The Dartmouth community was recently confronted with such a situation when the International Business Council invited Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg to campus (“Guttenberg cancels IBC talk after facing scrutiny,” Jan. 22). Guttenberg, who holds the rank of Freiherr (analogous to Baron) in the German peerage system, is a former defense and economics minister in Chancellor Angela Merkel’s cabinet. Once the golden boy of German politics, Guttenberg’s popularity in his native land was tremendous. Young, handsome and articulate, he was a Bavarian conservative who had, apart from presiding over an economy that hummed right through the global financial crisis, introduced sweeping reforms of the Bundeswehr (the German armed forces.) However, Guttenberg’s rising stardom came crashing down when in 2011 it was revealed that his doctoral thesis had been heavily plagiarized. Publicly shamed, Guttenberg resigned his political positions and took up residence, along with his estimated 800 million Euro ($1.1 billion) fortune, in the United States.

The IBC’s invitation of Guttenberg to Dartmouth was not extended with the intent of having the man comment on how to write a dissertation. As a former high-ranking official in the government of Europe’s most important state, Guttenberg is certainly qualified to speak about international political issues, which was the advertised topic of the talk. (Conveniently, though, advertisements of the event neglected to mention Guttenberg’s plagiarism scandal in the provided biography.) However, his presence on a campus united by an honor code nonetheless brought up an obvious conflict of interest. By allowing a plagiarist to have a platform from which to speak, regardless of the topic, was Dartmouth betraying its own values of academic honesty and integrity? Dozens of faculty members and students thought so and signed a petition, organized by German studies professor Veronika Fuechtner, to protest Guttenberg’s impending visit. As the petition exceeded 100 signatures, Guttenberg, perhaps feeling some amount of pressure, canceled his own appearance “for personal reasons.”

While free speech is rightly revered as a tenet of both the American democratic fabric and the academic community, Dartmouth is under no legal or moral obligation to allow any person an opportunity to be featured in a public forum on its campus. When the person in question has been disgraced as a plagiarist, providing such a forum would reflect poorly upon Dartmouth’s commitment to and reputation for upholding its values of academic integrity. If Guttenberg had taken full personal accountability for his transgressions, then perhaps his appearance could be construed as the granting of a second chance to a man seeking redemption. However, Guttenberg has done no such thing rather, he has provided a series of excuses and pseudo-justifications for his intellectual fraud. Such a lack of repentance, or even an acknowledgement of wrongdoing, is a slap in the face to any professional academic or student who has pursued scholarship with honesty and integrity.

Actions reflect values. Just as Guttenberg’s plagiarism and subsequent eschewing of responsibility are indicative of a poor sense of personal and academic honor, the Dartmouth community’s response to the ex-minister’s scheduled talk demonstrates a sincere and vested interest in upholding the principles of academic integrity. While the issue of Guttenberg’s dishonesty did not require a nuanced interpretation of any honor code, the stand taken by faculty and students against his visit is nonetheless admirable. In order for the concept of integrity to have any meaning, it must be defended when faced with a challenge. Fortunately, Dartmouth did just that when given the opportunity to reaffirm its own values.

Vann Island

“This will be the best Super Bowl in a while.” That was the proclamation made by San Francisco 49ers runningback Frank Gore on Super Bowl media day. When he made this statement, I couldn’t help but laugh. C’mon Frank! You’re in the NFL don’t you remember the past five Super Bowls? And how they have all been unreal?

2008: The New York Giants ruin the New England Patriots’ perfect season.

2009: Back and forth shootout between the Arizona Cardinals and the Pittsburgh Steelers. Ben Roethlisberger and Santonio Holmes outlast Kurt Warner and Larry Fitzgerald.

2010: New Orleans Saints defeat the Indianapolis Colts. Terry Porter’s pick six. Katrina salvation. Peyton Manning at a loss for words.

2011: Green Bay Packers come from out of nowhere to take down the Pittsburgh Steelers.

2012: The New York Giants spoil another Super Bowl for Tom Brady and Bill Belichick!

Did Super Bowl XLVII top the last five? No, XLII still takes the cake. When the Patriots lost, I felt like one of the members of the perfect 1972 Miami Dolphins, and I even uncorked a bottle of champagne (well my family did, I was only 18 at the time).

That said, the game on Sunday night was insane, so now it’s time to break down the good, the bad and the really uncomfortable things that will forever be connected to the Ravens victory.

THE GOOD

Joe Flacco: What a day for Joe Flacco. Ever since he entered the league, nothing has ever been good enough when it comes to Flacco. Despite the fact that he has never missed the playoffs, his game and his character are always in question. Now the only thing I can think of when you say his name is “cha ching!” In a contract year, to go out and have that type of playoffs means serious bank. Defeating the Colts, Patriots and 49ers in back-to-back-to-back games means this guy is the real deal. His arm is special, his confidence is there and Flacco says he isn’t going anywhere. The Ravens are about to pay up and Baltimore will reap the rewards for a very long time.

Jacoby Jones and Beyonce: Houston Texans general manager, Rick Smith, must be losing his mind. First he cuts Trindon Holliday. The same little man who terrorized the Ravens with two return touchdowns. And then to add insult to injury, Jones has the game of his life in the Super Bowl a kick return touchdown and a receiving touchdown, accompanied by unbelievable celebration dances, which were close to rivaling Beyonc’s at half time.

Anquan Boldin: Good for you my man. You took the road less traveled, got out of purgatory (being on the Arizona Cardinals) and got yourself a Super Bowl ring. Take note Larry Fitzgerald.

Taco Bell commercial: Bravo! I was dying of laughter for a minute straight. How do they know everything I normally do on a Friday night?

THE BAD

CBS and “The Blackout”: How does that happen! It’s the Super Bowl! Companies spend four million dollars for just a 30-second commercial, and you have a blackout? And CBS, next time something like this happens, can you guys please figure out when the lights are going to be back on? Not “oh any minute now!” I don’t need Solomon Wilcots’ estimations, I need facts.

Chris Culliver: Talk about Karma dude. You’re from San Francisco, you go on record during media day saying how you wouldn’t want a homosexual on your team and then you expect to play well? It doesn’t work like that.

THE REALLY UNCOMFORTABLE

Go Daddy commercial: I love Bar Rafaeli. She’s beautiful and the first time the commercial aired it was funny. A really hot girl making out with a really nerdy guy, I get it. But playing it over and over just got weird.

Ray Lewis: If you read my article from a couple weeks ago you know why this one just doesn’t feel right. He’s still a criminal in my eyes.

The Harbaugh family: As a parent, how are you supposed to root for one son over the other? How are you supposed to react when “x” son loses? And how about the handshake? If my brother and I played in the Super Bowl, I would want to beat him, and I would. But after the game, he wouldn’t get a handshake he would get an enormous hug.