Daily Debriefing

New Hampshire Attorney General Mike Delaney and Vermont Attorney General Bill Sorrell met on Monday at the Ledyard Bridge to reaffirm the legality of the Connecticut River as the dividing line between the two states, according to Vermont Public Radio. Since the United States Supreme Court ended a long-standing dispute between the states in 1935 about where the true border was, state law requires that the attorney generals from both states meet every seven years and “perambulate” the line, visually confirming that it is well maintained and agreeable to both parties. What was once a matter of vehement disagreement between two states has since become a largely ceremonial photo opportunity, according to VPR, with Delaney and Sorrell jokingly arguing over who got the better deal out of the Supreme Court’s division. The boundary marker was successfully located, and the geographic divide between New Hampshire and Vermont will stand for the next seven years.

On Friday, Federal Judge Orinda Evans rejected 94 of 99 claims in a lawsuit filed by Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press and Sage Publications against Georgia State University, which allegedly violated copyright laws by offering electronic copies of textbooks and other educational materials, according to Inside Higher Ed. Evans said that the incidents cited in the lawsuit as copyright violations were covered by the doctrine of fair use, but the ruling limited the proportion of a book covered by fair use to 10 percent in the future, which some say is too inflexible to cover the demand from Georgia State and other universities. The 340-page decision also suggested that in the future, publishers who established systems to offer reasonably priced access to book excerpts online would have greater leverage in claims against universities whose professors assign essays or portions of books to their students, Inside Higher Ed reported.

Columbia University janitor Gac Filipaj graduated with honors from Columbia on Sunday with a bachelor’s degree in classics after nearly 12 years of study, according to the Associated Press. Filipaj attended classes parttime in the morning and worked a 2:30 p.m to 11 p.m. shift as a “heavy cleaner.” Before exam dates and essay deadlines, Filipaj studied all night, took the test in the morning and returned to work in the afternoon, the Associated Press reported. The 52-year-old janitor did not have to pay tuition for the classes he took because he was an employee of the university. Filipaj migrated from war-torn Yugoslavia in 1992 and enrolled in classes at Columbia after learning English. He still sends part of his $22 hourly pay to family in Montenegro.

Ferriero talks role of National Archives

Archivist of the United States and

Discussing both the Declaration of Independence and Michael Jackson’s patent for anti-gravity shoes, Archivist of the United States and “collector-in-chief” David Ferriero spoke on Monday afternoon about the array of challenges he faces helping to digitize and declassify the 12 billion papers under the National Archive’s control. Ferriero’s lecture, organized by five local libraries, was part of the “Leading Voices in Higher Education” strategic planning lecture series.

U.S. President Barack Obama appointed Ferriero to be the nation’s 10th archivist in 2009. Before his appointment, he worked for over 30 years in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology libraries before assuming the top position at Duke University’s library. Later, as the Andrew W. Mellon Director of the New York Public Library, he oversaw 91 libraries in total.

Ferriero discussed the role of the National Archive, which he said is often confused with the Library of Congress, in overseeing documents since its creation in 1935. The archive’s collection of 12 billion pieces of paper would be enough to circle the earth 84 times, he said.

“We have 44 libraries, and so far I’ve been to 42 of them,” Ferriero said. “We have around a dozen libraries with classified information.”

The National Archive is currently undergoing an effort to declassify its documents, with 250,000 reviewed so far, and about 91 percent of those now available to the public. This effort, overseen by the Archive’s newly created National Declassification Center, is part of a larger effort to increase government transparency, according to Ferriero.

The archive recently oversaw the declassification of its six oldest classified documents, which contained a recipe for invisible ink, Ferriero said. Furthermore, the archive recently released the 1940 census online, an effort that involved thousands of volunteers nationwide.

In addition to declassifying documents, the Archive has increased its accessibility by branching into new forms of technology, including social media such as Twitter and Facebook. Ferriero recently appointed the archive’s first “Wikipedian,” a graduate student who works to increase the archive’s visibility on Wikipedia.

“I’m a big fan of Wikipedia,” he said, noting that the archive’s “Document of the Day” feature received 12 million hits the day it was published on Wikipedia, as opposed to its usual 1,000.

He noted that the most meaningful interactions and the ones he misses most, however, are those he had in person with students.

“I still wander around the research room,” he said in an interview with The Dartmouth. “It often ends in a conversation about what we could do better.”

In his lecture, Ferriero also highlighted the growing division between face-to-face interactions and online-based learning, an “on-site versus online” split that applies to both universities and libraries, he said. He noted that while there is value in making archives available online, personal visits are better for obtaining information and working with librarians.

“I think students have a lot to learn from librarians,” he said. “Librarians have a lot of information, not just about the material, but about the process.”

The National Archives must contend with the prevalence of theft of valuable documents by both employees and scholars, including the recent case of a film expert discovered selling footage on eBay after 40 years of employment at the Archives. This “betrayal factor” is one of the worries that keeps Ferriero up at night, he said.

“We’re constantly walking that line between accessibility and protection,” Ferriero said.

Another more serious criminal is known inhouse as “the cupcake thief” because he brought cupcakes to librarians and archivists across the nation and may have been working with dealers to remove thousands of selected documents, according to Ferriero. He was recently sentenced to 18 months in jail. The Archives have utilized digital solutions and employee retraining to combat these issues, as well as user education, Ferriero said.

Ferriero elicited laughter from the audience as he went through a virtual tour of his favorite documents in the archive. These included a U.S. Army document containing Elvis Presley’s fingerprints, Ferriero’s own 40-year-old letter to former President Lyndon Johnson congratulating him on signing the Civil Rights Act, a copy of the receipt for the Louisiana Purchase and a letter written by Ralph Waldo Emerson criticizing Walt Whitman’s ability to do hard work for the government.

“I thought it was fantastic,” Anna Leah Berstein Simpson ’13, who worked at the Archives for two terms, said. “I’d heard a lot about it from the internal perspective, but it was good to hear about some of the efforts he’s spearheading.”

Others in attendance mentioned the importance of Ferriero’s efforts to digitize records.

“The idea was to understand the issues and challenges that a huge federal agency is dealing with in processing a huge amount of information,” Dean of Libraries and Librarian of the College Jeffrey Horrell, who helped organize the lecture, said. “Clearly there are challenges in not only creating the digital records but maintaining them. At Dartmouth, we’re thinking about our digital future. We’re beginning to live our digital future.”

Having a knowledgeable archivist in charge has helped this process, according to College archivist Peter Carini.

“Every time the National Archives opens up a document, it makes it easier to get to,” Carini said. “That facilitates potential use by undergraduates of documents they’d otherwise have to go to D.C. to use. As an archivist, it’s great to have someone in the National Archives that understands archives.”

Shafy discusses science and politics

Swiss science journalist Samiha Shafy discussed the relationship between scientific and political issues in a Monday lecture at the Rockefeller Center.

Science is inseparable from social and political issues and becomes more interesting when examined from a political perspective, journalist Samiha Shafy said in a Monday lecture. Shafy is a science journalist for Der Spiegel, a weekly news magazine in Germany, and she is this year’s Bernard D. Nossiter ’47 Lecturer for the Rockefeller Center.

In her lecture, titled “The Fine Line Between Science and Politics,” Shafy discussed three articles she wrote for Der Spiegel that focused on the relationship between politics and science in the developing world. In the first story, Shafy profiled a Swiss scientist working on a new way to provide clean drinking water to people in Kenya. Instead of only concentrating on science, the story highlighted the challenges of bringing technology to people who truly need it and educating them on its use, according to Shafy. She credited the story with sparking her interest in the developing world.

“I just wanted to know more about the situation and understand it better, so I just kept fighting for stories like these,” she said.

Shafy also discussed a story she wrote 18 months ago about protests in response to Haiti’s cholera outbreak. She said it was the “most complicated and challenging story” she has worked on in her career. She had only one night to write the story, but she was extremely affected by the conditions she observed.

“It hasn’t left me yet,” she said. “I want to go back and do [the story] more thoroughly.”

Shafy is currently completing her tenure as a Nieman Fellow at Harvard University, a program that brings journalists with at least five years of full-time professional experience from around the world to the university for one year. At Harvard, Shafy has taken politics classes at the Kennedy School of Government, and she said she accepted the fellowship to learn more about the political implications of science.

“This desire to better understand the link between science and politics is what brought me to Harvard this year,” she said.

With a half-Swiss, half-Dutch mother and an Egyptian father, Shafy said she grew up surrounded by diversity. She was raised in Switzerland as an only child, speaking two dialects of Swiss German, which is uncommon in Switzerland. Shafy said she always felt slightly out of place.

“I think growing up with three cultures and feeling that I didn’t really fit in anywhere contributes to the idea that I’m the right person for certain stories,” she said.

Shafy said she particularly enjoys writing for Der Spiegel because of the independence it allows her.

“I’m lucky because we get to choose our stories,” she said. “I’m able to follow my interests.”

Following her lecture, Shafy answered questions from the audience. Katherine Sanders ’12, a pre-med student interested in global health and development, attended the lecture out of personal interest, and said she was impressed with Shafy’s resourcefulness in reporting.

“I think it was most interesting how she was able to convince her editor that her stories are valuable,” Sanders said.

Classics professor emeritus Edward Bradley introduced Shafy, focusing on the contributions journalist Bernard Nossiter ’47 made to journalism before applauding Shafy for her work. The issues on which Shafy reports are of vital importance to everyone, according to Bradley.

“It’s important for students to be better informed about the connection between developments in science and the influence it has on politics,” he said.

Charles Buell, a Hanover resident who frequently attends Rockefeller lectures, said he found Shafy’s innovative thinking and fast reporting to be very impressive.

“She did what had to be done,” he said. “It showed a lot of initiative. That’s the perfect example of doing what’s needed to get a story.”

The Bernard D. Nossiter ’47 Lecture is an annual lecture sponsored by the Rockefeller Center in honor of Nossiter, a Washington Post reporter, and his contributions to journalism. The lecture brings Nieman Fellows from Harvard to Dartmouth.

Gillette ’91 selected for White House position

U.S. President Barack Obama appointed Jodi Gillette ’91 as his senior policy advisor for Native American affairs on April 27. Gillette joins Timothy Geithner ’83 as the latest Dartmouth alumnus in the Obama administration and will replace Kimberly Teehee in the position.

Gillette, a member of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe of North and South Dakota, worked for the Department of the Interior in a variety of positions prior to Obama’s appointment. Before beginning her career in government, Gillette worked as the executive director of the Native American Training Institute, which offers technical assistance and training to tribal, state and local governments in the area of human service delivery systems, according to a White House press release.

Gillette said she was excited about the opportunity to join Obama’s staff.

“I was humbled and honored,” Gillette said in an email to The Dartmouth. “I have so much respect for President Obama and the people who work closely with him.”

Bruce Duthu ’80, the chair of the Native American studies program and a professor at the College, said that Gillette was the perfect choice for the position.

“Jodi is a fine choice for this role because she combines years of experience working in and for tribal communities in the Plains area of the U.S. with a keen sense of the political landscape in Washington,” he said.

Gillette credited much of her current success and experience to her time as a Dartmouth undergraduate, and she noted the significance of the Native American students who attended the College in 1971 who “blazed a trail” for others to follow.

“I would like to thank the Dartmouth Board of Trustees and administration for making the education of Native Americans a priority over the past 40 years and committing the resources to have such an excellent Native American studies program,” she said.

Gillette said that her background working for the Interior Department will help her in her new position, as her previous world experience has given her insight into how the government works and what needs to be done to address current issues. She also cited the Obama administration’s “historic” class action settlements, the creation of the White House Tribal Nations Conferences and increases in key program budgets as examples of positive steps taken by the White House.

In the press release, Obama touted Gillette as the right candidate for the job.

“Jodi Gillette will be an important member of my administration’s efforts to continue the historic progress we’ve made to strengthen and build on the government-to-government relationship between the United States and tribal nations,” he said. “She has been a key member of my administration’s efforts for Indian Country and will continue to ensure that Native American issues will always have a seat at the table.”

As an undergraduate, Gillette was active with Native Americans at Dartmouth and enjoyed participating in outdoor activities, she said. Gillette majored in government modified with Native American studies, which she said has provided her with a “meaningful context” to understand the relationship between Native tribes and the United States.

Duthu said that the liberal arts education Gillette received at Dartmouth played a large role in helping her get to where she is today.

“I think Jodi would likely point to her openness to new ideas, her commitment to rigorous analysis of proposed policies and a fair but demanding level of performance from the folks working with her as key to her new role,” he said.

Duthu emphasized the importance of developing basic resources and fostering self-governance in Native communities.

“As with the rest of the nation, economic development is a pressing need in Indian Country, but so is access to quality and culturally appropriate health care, enhanced educational opportunities and support for tribal governance systems,” he said.

Both Gillette and Duthu said that the nomination reflects the strong state of Dartmouth’s Native American studies program. Duthu pointed to Hilary Tompkins ’90, the Solicitor of the Department of the Interior, and Susan Karol ’79, chief medical officer for the Indian Health Service, as other prominent examples.

“Dartmouth Native graduates can be found in a host of leadership positions throughout the country,” he said. “I think it’s fair to say that one of the hallmarks of our Native graduates is their desire and commitment to use their education for the betterment and empowerment of tribal communities, and I suspect that part of the reason behind this development is the College’s commitment to the education of Native students and support for the Native American program and Native American studies department, both of which actively nurture and challenge students to take on these sorts of responsibilities.”

Gillette sees the successes of the Native American studies program as a validation of the College’s mission.

“Acknowledging our history is the first step in ensuring we are not making the same mistakes of the past,” she said. “Understanding both the historic and contemporary conditions of American Indian communities will help all students to appreciate their many contributions and sacrifices.”

‘Jim Gusanoz’ remembered as outgoing and generous

Jim Dupuis was more than just a delivery man. Described by students and his former employer as a staple of the Dartmouth community, the news of his death in Montreal last Saturday elicited dozens of shocked and saddened messages on his Facebook wall and the sense that Hanover had lost a pillar of the community.

Known to many students as “Jim Gusanoz,” Dupuis spent four years at the restaurant with whose name he would become synonymous. He worked at the Hanover location of Gusanoz Mexican Restaurant from December 2008 until it closed in August 2011, according to Nicholas Yager, who co-owns Gusanoz with his wife, Maria Yager.

Gusanoz opened its Hanover location in October 2008, and Dupuis approached the Yagers one month later about working for them as a delivery man. At the time, the Yagers were unsure if Gusanoz would be offering delivery services at all, Nicholas Yager said. Ultimately, Dupuis’ persistence convinced the couple to hire him and develop a delivery branch of the business.

“We had a Christmas party in Lebanon, and Jim showed up at the party and said, Hey, remember me?'” Yager said. “He said, I just want to tell you that if you give me the go-ahead, I will build your delivery business in Hanover.’ Maria and I said all right, and Jim stayed for the party.”

Dupuis was born on June 23, 1955 in Newport, R.I., according to his sister, Cathy Dupuis-Cario. His father served in the Navy, and as a result, Dupuis moved frequently as a youth, living in Key West, Fla., Charleston, S.C., Paulsboro, N.J., San Diego and Indian Head, Md.

At the age of 10, Dupuis worked his first job delivering newspapers. His childhood hobbies evolved from comic book collection to compiling LPs and CDs as he “developed an appreciation of music,” Dupuis-Cario said in an email to The Dartmouth.

Dupuis attended St. Mary Star of the Sea in Indian Head for elementary school and later Archbishop Neale High School in La Plata, Md. After high school, Dupuis became a manager at a Hardees franchise in Baltimore, where he also adopted his first dog, igniting Dupuis’ passion for animals, especially dogs. He went on to adopt many pets throughout his life.

Dupuis’ move to Hanover was entirely accidental, Dupuis-Cario said. The Dupuis family originally hailed from New Hampshire, and when Dupuis moved back, Hanover “is where he landed,” she said.

Following Gusanoz’s closure, Dupuis worked for Ramunto’s Pizzeria in Hanover, but he eventually decided to move to San Francisco.

“Jim’s decision to move was partly due to the economy and the effect it had on the delivery business in Hanover,” Dupuis-Cario said. “He was quite the adventurer and probably considered the move another adventure and challenge in life.”

Students interviewed by The Dartmouth universally described Dupuis as an outgoing and personable man who truly enjoyed working in Hanover and developing relationships with Dartmouth students.

“My friends and I were regular Gusanoz customers, but Jim was really a campus icon,” Ian Rorick ’10 said in an email to The Dartmouth.

Rorick was the former president of Chi Gamma Epsilon fraternity, and he and his friends developed a rapport with Dupuis, who would often spend time chatting with them after delivering their food.

“I don’t have one specific anecdote beyond the times Jim hung out at Chi Gam, but that kind of speaks to Jim in that he really fit into our Dartmouth College lives seamlessly,” Rorick said. “My memories of Jim consist of many simple but delightful interactions rather than one specific occasion.”

Dupuis was able to bridge any distance between Dartmouth students and Hanover residents unaffiliated with the College, students said.

“He always took time to check up on you, and not many delivery guys even look you in the eye,” Will Sampson ’11 said. “He met students when they were oftentimes drunk and always hungry most Dartmouth students don’t really want to give the time of day to people who aren’t directly affecting them, but rare was the time you wouldn’t see Jim talking to someone.”

McKenzie Bennett ’13 said she met Dupuis through his work at Gusanoz but did not become friendly with him until he started selling Gusanoz burritos out of his car.

“At Dartmouth, there’s this belief that there’s this disconnect between Dartmouth and the actual surrounding community, but that wasn’t the case with Jim,” she said. “Everyone knew him. Everyone was friends with him on Facebook.”

Dupuis often went out of his way to help people, even when it was not required of him or caused him personal inconvenience, according to Nicholas Yager. One of Dupuis’ co-workers, Brandon Kenison, recently had a son, and despite the fact that Dupuis was not “doing very well financially,” he would save any $2 bills he received as tips and give them to Kenison, telling him that the money was for his newborn son’s college fund.

“Jim literally would give you the shirt off his back, even if he was going to freeze,” Yager said.

During Green Key weekend last spring, Nina Montgomery ’14 and Charlotte Hendren ’14 were at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center because Montgomery was sick with viral meningitis, she said. Montgomery said she had become well acquainted with Dupuis because she and her freshman year roommate often ordered from Gusanoz.

“We saw him in the hospital delivering to nurses around 7 [p.m.], and after we saw the doctors, we called Gusanoz, but we called from Charlotte’s phone, so he didn’t know I was there, too,” Montgomery said. “When we ordered, he said it was after hours for delivery outside the Hanover area, but when he found out it was me, he came and delivered us burritos right away.”

Dupuis was well-known on campus, even to new students, according to Alex Engler ’12. Engler, a member of the Dartmouth Brovertones, performed in an Orientation show for the Class of 2014 with the improvisational comedy group the Dog Day Players. During the show, the Brovertones interspersed their songs with skits introducing various Hanover establishments.

“We ended the skit by having Jim come on stage after we announced Gusanoz, had him shout the catchphrase, So much better than Boloco,’ and throw free burritos into the audience,” Engler said. “The crowd went crazy. Many of the freshmen very obviously knew who Jim was. It’s a tribute to Jim and his intense popularity, his incredible way of being in tune with the students and his willingness to be such an integral part of this school.”

Dupuis also made sure that his customers received the best quality food he could produce. Yager recalled that when Dupuis felt that cooks at Gusanoz were not preparing food quickly enough, he would often join them in the kitchen and prepare orders himself.

Although Dupuis worked for Gusanoz, a business inherently concerned with profits, his primary focus was always the students he served, according to Taylor Sipple ’13. Sipple said he met Dupuis through frequent ordering from Gusanoz and through his roommate, with whom Dupuis was friendly.

“Gusanoz did deliveries until 2 a.m. for a long time, and Jim loved it because he got to see all the students he became friends with,” Sipple said. “Gusanoz decided to shut down this delivery because it wasn’t cost effective, and Jim felt really terrible about it. He said, I’m going to see if [Gusanoz] will let me do it on my own because I know the kids want it.'”

Sampson described Dupuis as a generous person who was truly invested in his customers’ experience.

“One time I had just ordered Gusanoz and was eating it on a Sunday afternoon, and one of my best friends came to my room and ordered food, too,” Sampson said. “Jim came right back to my door 45 minutes later. He knew I was in the building and who I was hanging out with because we all knew each other, and he brought me an extra burrito.”

When Dupuis found out that Sampson’s friend’s order had been delivered incorrectly, he immediately went back to Gusanoz and made a new burrito, allowing the friends to keep the original order, Sampson said.

“We knew when he brought back my friend’s burrito that he had made it, because Jim made them bigger and he made them right,” Sampson said.

Dupuis became such an integral part of the Dartmouth community through his appreciation of the College, Ben Ludlow ’12 said.

“Here’s a guy who isn’t officially part of the College but realizes how special our community is and the kids in it are,” Ludlow said. “He knows we’re something special. He’s just such a staple I’ll always remember the times he came to meetings or hung out on frat row.”

A memorial service open to the public will be held on the Green on Sunday at 1 p.m. The Dupuis family asks that attendees bring non-perishable items to be donated to a local animal shelter. Dogs are welcome if they are on leashes.

Dupuis is survived by his parents Ray and Jeanne, his older sister Debbie, younger sister Cathy and younger brothers Ray and Joe, as well as a niece, nephew and two grandnephews, according to Dupuis-Cario.

Wybourne picked for interim provost post

Vice Provost for Research and physics professor Martin Wybourne will assume the role of interim provost on July 1, Provost Carol Folt announced Monday in a campus-wide email. Lindsay Whaley, acting associate provost for international affairs and a linguistics and classics professor, will replace Wybourne as interim vice provost. They will assume their positions the same day that Folt becomes interim College president, an appointment that the Board of Trustees announced last month.

Wybourne will co-lead the College’s budget process with Chief Financial Officer Steven Kadish and continue his oversight of the College’s research infrastructure. Wybourne joined the College faculty in 1997 as a physics professor and later served as associate dean of the faculty for the sciences. He assumed his role in the Provost’s Office in 2004.

Wybourne currently chairs the Institute for Information Infrastructure Protection, a group of more than 20 academic, non-profit and governmental institutions that focus on cyber security research and development. He is also co-chair of the Senior Executive Strategic Planning Advisory Committee.

Wybourne received his PhD from the University of Nottingham in England and has completed extensive research on the electrical, thermal and mechanical properties of nano scale systems. He has also served as a visiting professor at the Universite Pierre and Marie Curie and L’Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris.

Gary Wegner, a physics and astronomy professor, said that Wybourne has extensive experience as a faculty member and researcher and that he is a “good choice” for interim provost.

“He’s a personable man, and I think he won’t have any big difficulties in his new position,” Wegner said.

Whaley will collaborate with the Provost’s Office’s various centers and programs while continuing to oversee the College’s international initiatives and relationships, Folt said.

Whaley has been a linguistics and classics professor since 1993. He joined the Provost’s Office last year after serving for five years as the inaugural associate dean for international and interdisciplinary programs. He is currently the co-chair of the Global Dartmouth working group in the strategic planning process.

Christiane Donahue, a linguistics professor and the director of the Institute for Writing and Rhetoric, said that Whaley’s experience working as the chair of the linguistics department has allowed him to collaborate effectively with faculty. Whaley will work on the strategic planning process spearheaded by Folt, which will be one of his most significant projects, Donahue said.

“Dartmouth is carrying out a strong strategic planning process, and it will be a fascinating challenge to help bring it to fruition,” Donahue said in an email to The Dartmouth. “Professor Whaley is already deeply invested in a key part of this work, co-leading the Global Dartmouth working group.”

Students and faculty will benefit from his role as interim vice provost, Donahue said.

“Professor Whaley’s even-handed approach to every issue, collegiality, deep knowledge of Dartmouth, commitment to student success and international perspective are a great combination for leadership,” Donahue said in the email.

Folt emphasized the experience that both Wybourne and Whaley will bring to their new positions and praised their flexibility in changing roles.

“[Wybourne and Whaley’s] deep expertise and understanding of the connections across campus is critical during this time,” Folt said in her email. “They are proven leaders who will ensure continuity in the Provost’s Office, help maintain the vitality of our academic enterprise and advance momentum around Dartmouth’s strategic priorities.”

Folt declined to comment beyond her campus-wide email, and Wybourne and Whaley did not respond to requests for comments by press time.

Senior studio art majors’ exhibit opens today at Hopkins Center

Studio art majors display their completed pieces from their senior seminar in an exhibition that will be on open until June 17.

The exhibit for senior studio art majors, which features work completed by all 31 students, will host its opening reception this afternoon at 4:30 p.m. The exhibition, located in the Jaffe-Friede Gallery and Upper Jewett Corridor of the Hopkins Center, includes a range of steel sculptures, paintings, charcoal drawings, photography and collages, all of which discuss issues of identity, color contrasts and abstraction.

Students completed the pieces featured in the show during their senior seminar, a two-term sequence that began in January. Studio art professors were tasked with selecting pieces to include in the show and arranging them in the gallery.

This year’s exhibit is notable for the quantity and variety of the pieces. Reflective of changes to the studio art major requirements that took effect for the Class of 2012, which made it easier for students to double major in studio art and other subject areas, this year’s senior class is twice as large as classes in past years.

Rather than selecting fewer pieces for the show, the studio arts professors utilized additional display areas in the window cases of the Hopkins Center. Most students had three to five pieces selected for the show, chosen by the faculty for the their artistic merit and ability to expand on the diversity of the overall exhibition.

Students that produced large sculpture pieces had fewer works chosen for the gallery than photographers or drawers who produced smaller works. Most of the pieces in the show were completed during Spring term, when senior artists had become most comfortable with their personal styles and visions for their artwork.

Kayla Gilbert ’12, who has five acrylic paintings and one oil painting included in the show, highlights animated characters from Pixar and Disney movies in her artwork. Gilbert said she hopes to pursue a career in animation after college.

Gilbert said her two different professors for the senior seminar, who taught during the Winter and Spring terms individually, pushed her work in different directions. While she focused on animated characters as her subject for both terms, she pursued a detailed, realistic style during the winter and a more abstract, experimental style in the spring, she said. The work in the exhibition features Gilbert’s realistic work.

“The first professor gave me more leeway to do what I wanted to do while my second professor tried to get me to come up with deeper meaning for my work,” Gilbert said. “I don’t know which style I prefer. It was nice to do something new with the same subject.”

Monica Dalmau ’12 has four sculptures and three ink drawing pieces featured in the show, both of which feature humanoid figures meant to provoke discomfort in the viewer because they are not quite natural forms. Dalmau equated their effect with closely observing a mannequin in a clothing store.

Although she previously focused on drawing and printmaking, Dalmau credited her Spring term professor with helping her branch out and try sculpture as a means of experimenting with similar themes in a new medium.

The senior exhibition is also an opportunity for students to make their first art sales, Dalmau said. The College traditionally makes a number of purchases at the show for residence and dining halls, she said.

“Before the senior seminar, I thought I would do something in an art-related field, like working in museums or galleries,” she said. “But after having my own studio time and free reign of my resources, I really got to see myself making and selling art for a living. I think I’m going to wait a year, build my portfolio and eventually get a [master of fine arts].”

Bogyi Banovich ’11 has three pieces displayed in the show, all of which were completed in steel and combine elements of plants, animals and humans. In a number of his pieces, he combines natural and human forms so that it is ambiguous as to where certain elements begin and end, some of which are growing out of each other, he said.

“I came to Dartmouth with the idea of being an ecologist and started with studying earth science,” he said. “My art reflects this idea of evolution and progress.”

Kendrea Begaye ’12 has three charcoal works included in the show, which were inspired by her Navajo heritage and the landscape of the American Southwest, she said.

“I started the senior seminar questioning whether my work should be modeled after traditional or contemporary Native artists,” she said. “But this spring, I’ve come to the conclusion that I don’t really need to be categorized.”

While she began the seminar working with acrylic paints, she became frustrated when she could not achieve the translucent layering effect she was trying to create and moved on to work with charcoal instead, she said. She plans to earn a master’s in American Indian studies at the University of California, Los Angeles in the fall of 2013.

Also influenced by Native American artwork, BriAnn Laban ’12 focused on bringing to light issues of blood quantum and skin color. Of Native American descent herself, she used fellow Native American students as subjects of her photography to create collages of hands that highlighted the variation of their skin colors.

Malia Reeves ’12 has three paintings featured in the show, all of which are based off of her own reflection, that comment on themes of womanhood and self-reflection. Her themes are conveyed through the abstractions of the figures, and she paints the images in bright, neon colors. As the senior seminar progressed, her work became increasingly abstract, and she focused more on color theory, she said.

Nathaniel Seymour ’12 worked to abstract the figure as well, zooming in on details of human faces and enhancing the dirty, gritty qualities of his photographs through work in Photoshop, he said.

“I wasn’t necessarily trying to create a message, but I liked to bring out the contrast in my images,” he said. “It looks cool, and I liked the idea of doing the opposite of airbrushing and really focusing on details of the face that you usually wouldn’t notice.”

Matt Stumpf ’12 has three pieces in the exhibition, all of which are black and white, high-contrast pieces created with charcoal, ink and pencil. The pieces spotlight the figure as the main subject, depicted in a geometric, minimalist style.

“Some people have seen animals in my work, some people have seen nothing,” he said. “Psychologically, I think that’s pretty interesting. I’ve drawn them as figures, but they’re angular and abstracted.”

Lauren Goodnow ’12 began the senior seminar with a sculpture concentration focusing in large-sized welding pieces in metal, but after she underwent a serious knee operation in the winter, she was forced to change the direction of her work. She transitioned into creating installation pieces with copper wire and started to experiment with printmaking. Her work in the gallery includes both her installation and print pieces.

Sarah Jewett ’12 has two pieces in the show, both of which were completed in steel. One is a large floor piece sized at 12 by four feet and the other is a smaller but taller piece sized at two by three feet. She will be staying on campus next year to study engineering through the College’s five-year engineering program.

The exhibition will be open for viewing through June 17.

Stumpf is a former member of The Dartmouth Staff.

Rubin: Broadening Our Horizons

Last Wednesday, former U.S. ambassador to China Winston Lord came to campus to discuss the “sweet and sour” relationship between the United States and China (“Winston Lord talks China relations,” May 10). In his talk, he recommended that the United States work with China to build a Pacific community that would encourage mutual cooperation and foster progress on economic, humanitarian and political issues within an amicable framework. His call for an increased atmosphere of cooperation between the United States and China is of utmost importance for the maintenance of a peaceful relationship between the two great powers.

Lord called for the United States not to “demonize or sanitize China,” but instead to foster a spirit of cooperation and amicable relations, one in which hostile conflict or competition is not seen as the logical end. The benefits of cooperation exist in every aspect of the U.S.-China relationship. Given the domestic situations of both countries, however, there needs to be work within both the United States and China in order to achieve this lofty goal. As Dartmouth students, we enjoy the ability to travel abroad to various countries to experience firsthand the cultures and histories of those places. Students travel to Buenos Aires, London, Beijing and numerous other locales. These opportunities for cultural exchanges, however, fall short of what is necessary to expose a larger portion of the student body to the culture and history of these countries, and this is especially the case for Dartmouth’s Foreign Study Program. Dartmouth has a very successful Chinese language department, boasting dedicated professors and an excellent curriculum. Yet its study abroad program lacks broad accessibility. Every year, Dartmouth sends about 50 students over the course of Summer and Fall terms to Beijing to study Chinese. The Beijing FSP is a great opportunity for students to go abroad and experience the interesting and unique Chinese culture. But the current program is limited in the sense that it is only accessible to those students who can find space in their Dartmouth schedules for multiple courses in the Chinese language.

There are currently no programs in China that focus on subjects beyond language, whereas many programs in Europe are primarily non-language based. For example, Dartmouth offers various programs to Italy, only some of which actually require proficiency in Italian. For example, whereas the art history FSP to Rome only requires students to take Italian 1 as a prerequisite, there are no similar non-language FSPs to China that require only Chinese 1. Given the importance of the U.S.-Chinese relationship and China’s growing influence in the both the political and business realm, it is critical for the College to expand the scope of the its study abroad programs in China so that more students can gain a general understanding of this major world power.

Granted, developing a deep understanding of Chinese culture requires knowledge of the Chinese language. Also, unlike some European countries where many locals know English, getting by in some parts of China for three months without knowing the native language can be difficult. However, learning Chinese is a heavily intensive effort, and attaining fluency may take years of study. There may only be a small number of students who wish to pursue such an undertaking. But there are great benefits to exposing more students to Chinese culture, including those who have not focused on studying the language but are still interested in aspects of the country’s culture, history and politics.

There are many places in China, specifically Hong Kong, where English is widespread, where students could study Chinese culture and history through hands-on experiences and travel within the country without the same language requirements of the existing FSP program. The College should supplement its existing study abroad programs with new programs in which students who haven’t yet attained Chinese language proficiency could participate, thereby increasing the opportunities for students to gain exposure to this ever more relevant country.

Whether greater cultural understanding follows or precedes greater international relationships, it is most likely a chicken and egg situation. Nonetheless, the oft used cliche that we are the next generation’s leaders is relevant in this situation. We need to encourage and expand our understanding of the Asia-Pacific region if we are to promote the level of cooperation that would produce beneficial results.