’14 Guy: Don’t you realize that I’m not wearing my shirt, my shirt is wearing me?
KAF Cashier: Why did the line suddenly get so long? did everyone just get out of an event? ’13 Girl: I’m not sure, but I just got out of meetings’15 Girl: You just got out of a meeting? That sucks It’s so late!
’12 Guy 1: You know what word is perfect to describe these Zete Walmart-themed tails?’12 Guy 2: What?’12 Guy 1: Classist!
’14 Guy: I just don’t want to spontaneously bleed out of my nostril. That is my biggest fear tonight.
’12 Engineer: How would YOU feel if someone turned you on and just left?
’12 Guy: If I saw kids wearing J. Crew in my high school, I would have punched them in their bougey nutsacks.
’14 Girl to Guy: I met you last night. You were behind the bar talking about simple harmonic motion.
’15 Guy: What’s C&G?’15 Girl: It’s like this organization that meets on the corner of Main Street. I think you have to apply.
’14 Guy: I just don’t want to spontaneously bleed out of my nostril. That is my biggest fear tonight.
As we sit in Robinson Hall, looking out onto the Green and listening to the chainsaws shave the edges off of the giant cupcake sculpture, we can’t help but imagine a Winter Candyland more like the cover of this issue. You know, with frosting.
In an ideal world, this frosting would allow us to enjoy activities we’ve been anticipating through the midterms crunch, like the human dog sled race.
But after working on this issue and immersing ourselves in the weekend’s history, we realize that although the weather and winter itself are what make this weekend unique, snow or lack thereof is not what makes the weekend great. It’s the chance to pause, stop obsessing about the little things and get outside, whether it’s 20 below zero or nearing the 50s. (stop complaining, it’s warm!).
We’ve celebrated this weekend for 101 years because of traditions, but we have learned that these traditions are in a constant state of flux. To be honest, we don’t really care if you do the Polar Bear Swim. But we do care if your idea of Carnival is just a few extra games of pong and maybe a dance party or two.
Over the years, this weekend has played host to celebrities, academics, famous thinkers and now, you. Go outside, enjoy an old tradition or create a new one. Cherish your friends, the season and the moment.
See you in Candyland,
Felicia, Emily and Hunter
My least favorite movie in the world sorry, cinephiles is “Citizen Kane” (1941). Maybe I’m not highbrow enough to enjoy it, but a two-hour tale about a man who pulls himself up by his bootstraps only to turn corrupt in his search for power is just not that interesting. And don’t even get me started on “Rosebud.”
After watching “Winter Carnival” (1939), written by F. Scott Fitzgerald and Budd Schulberg ’36, I have a new least favorite. The history of the movie’s production is probably its most entertaining aspect.
While doing research for their screenplay, Fitzgerald and Schulberg attended Carnival. In classic Dartmouth fashion, Fitzgerald and Schulberg got so embarrassingly wasted that they were both fired from the project, although Schulberg was later rehired because of his firsthand knowledge of the College and Winter Carnival.
The film tells the story of two sisters attending Carnival. The elder, Jill Baxter, was crowned Carnival Queen of the Snows many years ago. She since married and divorced the duke for whom she left her Carnival date, now a professor at the College. Her younger sister, Ann, is just as impulsive and headstrong as Jill and is crowned Queen of the Snows during the movie. Although Ann has already secured three dates for Carnival in case any of them turn out to be subpar, she entrances both the senior captain of the ski team and a European count. Based on Jill’s failed relationship with a dashing foreigner, she contrives to block Ann from eloping with the count. Jill reunites with her old flame, and everyone ends up happy.
The triteness of the movie aside, some aspects are downright strange. Every woman in the movie is depicted as self-absorbed and conceited to the point of absurdity. In one scene, a visiting girl refuses to walk down the stairs to hand a dress to the boy who has come to collect laundry and instead throws it at his head. In another, Ann Baxter gets the ski captain disqualified from the big ski races because she wanders onto the track and trips him. Instead of apologizing, she initially insists it wasn’t her fault and then asks him to teach her to ski. He jovially accepts and later appears to fall in love with her.
I don’t know about you, but if some random girl ruined one of my last races as a Dartmouth skier and then started yelling at me about skiing near her, I would probably leave her on the mountain and let Ski Patrol deal with her, no matter how cute she was.
It’s not only the women in this movie that lack realistic character development. In one scene, Jill Baxter’s ex-boyfriend physically forces her to put on an apron and wash the dishes, apparently satisfying some inner manly need to watch women perform domestic tasks.
Despite my general dislike for “Winter Carnival,” the movie has shining moments that offer interesting insight into the College’s past. I loved seeing 1930s Main Street, which looked exactly the same as it does now, only with older cars.
The construction of the snow sculpture and various old-timey quirks, such as transportation via horse-drawn sled, made me smile.
Ultimately, “Winter Carnival” is a movie you probably shouldn’t watch for its cinematic quality.
But much like Animal House was a sensationally ridiculous look into a unique aspect of Dartmouth culture, Winter Carnival is a nice peek into our College’s past.
Although Winter Carnival has earned a wild reputation and was once described as “The Mardi Gras of the North” in a Feb. 1920 issue of National Geographic, the weekend has become relatively tame in recent years.
Over the past 10 years, The Dartmouth has primarily reported on “surprisingly quiet” weekends, some no more rowdy than an ordinary weekend.
Arrests ranged from single digits to no more than 20, and typically were the result of incidents involving alochol or students pulling fire alarms.
In 2011, Winter Carnival saw eight Good Samaritan calls and seven arrests. In 2010, nine Good Samaritan calls and six arrests were made.
“There is an expected increase in calls during Carnival festival weekends,” College Health Services Director John Turco said. “There is definitely an increase in the use of Good Samaritan over the years, and that’s a good sign, because it means that students are taking care of one another.”
The higher number of admissions to Dick’s House is an indication of a positive phenomenon, because it indicates that people are properly using the system, Turco said.
While some incidents are weather-related burns and broken noses from playing hockey on Occom Pond most stem from alcohol, according to Director of Safety and Security and College Proctor Harry Kinne.
“Every weekend we have minor medical emergencies that have nothing to do with alcohol, such as sports injuries, falling down on the ice or sledding on the golf course, because many Dartmouth students are involved in outdoor activities,” he said.
Turco added that other incidents are the result of poor decisions made while intoxicated.
“We often find people in odd places,” he said. “Unfortunately, if you’re intoxicated, things happen like climbing up flagpoles.”
Hanover police arrested Timothy Daleiden ’97 after a Feb. 9, 1997 basketball game because he was “hanging from the basketball rim above the crowd,” according to then-Hanover Police Sergeant Michael Evans.
“The situation is absurd,” Daleiden said at the time. “That kind of thing goes on at every college campus where they have school spirit.”
During the Winter Carnivals of the 1980s and 1990s, problems primarily arose from of the increased presence of “randoms” the term students used to classify visitors from other colleges and cities on campus for the weekend, according to old issues of The Dartmouth.
After two fights broke out at Theta Delta Chi fraternity and thieves stole an amplifier from the house during the 1990 Carnival weekend, then-Theta Delt president Ben Blackburn ’91 said, “It’s mostly randoms instigating these things.”
Blackburn explained Theta Delt’s policy for dealing with malicious “randoms.”
“We just toss ‘em,” he said.
Brothers in Zeta Psi fraternity expelled a flasher from their Saturday night party that weekend, according to then-Zete president Rodger Cottrell ’91.
1995 Carnival also saw reports of “lewd and lascivious behavior by a nonstudent,” according to a 1995 issue of The Dartmouth.
In 1984, a “random” uninvited guest from Boston College threatened a brother with a knife during a party hosted by Psi Upsilon fraternity on the Friday night of Winter Carnival.
The brother, who wished to remain anonymous at the time, said that upon confronting the mysterious guest about a broken upstairs window, the “random” pulled out a knife and threatened to “slice up” the brother.
Broken windows and locks led the list of vandalized items over Carnival weekends in the 1980s due to a policy put forth by the Office of Residential Life requiring students to lock the doors to their rooms, then-College Proctor Robert McEwen said at the time.
“We’re always relieved when the weekend is over,” he said.
Another item that periodically graces the list of damages over Carnival weekend is the snow sculpture on the Green.
In 1994, someone painted “AIM” on the snow sculpture late Friday night or early Saturday morning, though it was unclear what the letters meant or what the purpose was. Four years later, the Carnival’s dragon sculpture was decapitated on Saturday.
Winter Carnival is a favorite weekend of the year for many students and community members because of its emphasis on traditions including the snow sculpture, Polar Bear Swim and termly parties hosted by Greek organizations. While these traditions have stood the test of time, others have been lost over the decades of Winter Carnival’s 101-year history.
The Dartmouth Outing Club organized and managed the weekend until the 1960s, which was originally centered around athletic events. The College formerly hosted athletes from 13 colleges who competed in ski relay races, snowshoe dashes, cross-country runs and obstacle races. Crowds of students, alumni and other visitors numbering in the thousands flocked to campus for the weekend.
The ski jump was a popular and long-lasting athletic event that ended in the 1990s. Ski jumpers used to fly off the wooden ramp constructed on the Hanover Golf Club green and land distances of up to 45 feet away.
The ski jump was removed from the Winter Carnival schedule when the sport was dropped by the National Collegiate Athletic Association. Although the Carnival which Theodore Geisel ’25 called “the very best party I have ever been invited to” in 1991 remains a time of revelry and festivity, comedy once played a larger role.
In its early years, Carnival weekend featured a comedic skating show. When F. Scott Fitzgerald visited the College, he attended the 1939 “Keg O’ Rum”-themed comedy show. The comedic ice skating show was eventually replaced by an annual skating show featuring talented performers, including members of the U.S. Olympic team in 1980. An annual concert called Hootenanny, which attracted large audiences and famous musicians, used to be a part of Winter Carnival weekend. During the 1964 Carnival, The Dartmouth reported, “Hootenanny is based on the principle that college students and a certain amount of controlled spontaneity make for good ratings and a good time had by all.”
Folk singer Joan Baez performed in the 1961 Hootenanny show, and Johnny Cash was scheduled to perform in 1964 but was unable to attend. However, the Hootenanny still attracted national attention and was featured on a television show of the same name.
In the 1960s, Winter Carnival Council began to cancel some events, including the ice skating show, out of concern that the weekend had become over-commercialized. National media outlets had become a frequent presence at Carnival.
Despite the loss of several popular events, Winter Carnival councils continued to devise unique activities to replace them. The 1962 Carnival featured “toboggan parties,” while the 1981 Carnival included horse-drawn sleigh rides and a “Ding Letter Contest” in The Dartmouth for those rejected by potential dates. More recently, the 2010 and 2011 Carnivals included an event after ski races hosted by the Dartmouth Outing Club in which students were invited to try over thirty kinds of grilled meat.
This year, the Winter Carnival Council chose to revive the snow sculpture contest historically held between college organizations such as residence halls and fraternities, but the event was cancelled on Wednesday due to lack of snow.
Psi Upsilon fraternity’s keg jump competition has not returned, despite its popularity among students.
The keg jump began in the early 1980s when a group of members, who had finished their fifth keg on a Saturday afternoon of Carnival, watched a tractor pull on television. They were inspired by Evil Knievil’s motorcyle jump over five cars and decided to replicate the event on their front lawn. They donned hockey gear, lined up the empty kegs and proceeded to jump as many as they could.
The keg jump became a charity event in 1984 that typically raised over $1,000. Entrance was limited to members of the house in order to protect Psi U from possible lawsuits.
Members of Psi U usually took an entire term to prepare for the jump because the fraternity had to ice over their front lawn to form a rink.
During the course of the event, kegs would be continually added to an ever-growing line. Brothers would attempt to clear as many kegs as possible while keeping their skates from touching the kegs. David Mace ’98 holds the current keg jump record of 14 kegs.
Before it was banned in 2001, the keg jump was one of the largest sporting events of the weekend. While covering the event in 1998, The Dartmouth categorized contestants as “favorites,” “contenders,” “darkhorses” and “pretenders.”
Despite the excitement surrounding the event, the College had to cancel the keg jump because of a lack of insurance coverage.
In 2004, members of Psi U attempted to hold the keg jump at an off-campus location in Vermont. Warm temperatures ruined the icy surface necessary for the jump, and the event was canceled despite Psi U’s efforts to secure a venue, hire buses to take students to the event and rent a sound system.
Despite the absence of snow and below freezing temperatures and therefore the cancellation of traditional events that pose a risk of injury Safety and Security and Dartmouth Emergency Medical Services both plan to staff additional patrols during Winter Carnival, according to representatives from each organization. Hanover Police will not make special provisions for the weekend, according to Chief of Hanover Police Nick Giaccone.
At least two additional patrols will be posted for each night of the weekend, Kinne said. The abundance of planned social events and the profusion of alumni returning to campus contribute to the need for extra precautions, he said.
“We know there are going to be a lot of parties, so it’s been pretty routine that we staff up for these big weekends,” Kinne said.
He also said that officers will be present at “a number of events” over the course of the weekend, such as the annual Polar Bear Swim at Occom Pond.
“We’ll be helping to make sure that it’s a safe event,” Kinne said. “We want to help keep people safe with everything from alcohol emergencies to medical emergencies.” Kinne also stressed the importance of dressing warmly during Winter Carnival, especially at night.
“It’s a big party weekend, we recognize that, so you should take normal precautions,” Kinne Said. “But it’s also winter, and there’s a risk of hypothermia if someone is out there not clothed properly.”
Tucker Ward ’12, director of Dartmouth EMS, a student-run basic life support squad, said the group will staff an additional three-person crew throughout the weekend and will post another emergency medical technician in the inpatient department at Dick’s House in order to provide more support to students.
Dartmouth EMS usually has only one EMS crew on call for each 12-hour shift, which runs from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. and 9 p.m. to 9 a.m.
The crew, which usually consists of two licensed EMTs and a third member who is in training, works closely with Safety and Security to respond to emergencies.
Ward said that the increased Dartmouth EMS presence is a necessary precaution for Winter Carnival.
“Big weekends are a little above the baseline, and we usually see more calls for assistance,” Ward said.
Dartmouth EMS will also support various Winter Carnival festivities, some of which can be “relatively high-risk” and occasionally result in student injuries, according to Ward.
Ward described the role of Dartmouth EMS as primarily ensuring student health.
“First and foremost, we’re a medical squad and a patient advocate,” Ward said. “I wish we could staff more crews all of the time, not just the big weekends.”
In contrast, Giaccone said that the Hanover Police Department will not alter their normal routine for Winter Carnival.
“We’ve found out from past years that the normal weekends are often busier than when things are scheduled,” Giaccone said. “Things that are scheduled usually have more control over them.”
When asked about Giaccone’s approach to Winter Carnival, Kinne said that one contributing factor to the Hanover Police’s strategy is that most of the weekend’s events happen on campus, which is primarily the concern of Safety and Security. Kinne also noted the impact of students’ actions during Winter Carnival on their physical and mental health.
“I always recommend that if students do everything in moderation, I guarantee that it will be a safe and successful weekend,” Kinne said.
Although the snow purchased to build the cupcake sculpture weighed heavily on the 2012 Winter Carnival Council’s $16,000 budget, the Council recouped an unforeseen $6,000 when it was unable to set off fireworks at the opening ceremony last night, Winter Carnival Council co-chair Mandy Bowers ’14 said.
The planned $6,000 firework show was canceled because cars were blocking the area in the Dewey parking lot where the fireworks were to be set off, according to Bowers. The car owners were notified one month ago that they would be required to move their vehicles for the show yesterday evening, she said. A towing company was not called because an estimated 50 cars would have had to be moved, she said.
The Council will not have to pay for the unused fireworks, according to Bowers.
“I’m not happy that the fireworks show was canceled,” she said. “But the silver lining is now we probably won’t be going over our budget.”
The Winter Carnival Council had to allocate a significant portion of its budget over $4,000 to buy snow for the snow sculpture and the planned campus snow sculpture contest. The Winter Carnival Council has a $16,000 budget from Programming Board, but will not know exactly how much they have spent until they receive bills for all of the purchases associated with the weekend.
In addition to funding the purchase of snow, the budget will be spent on a wide range of activities, including the 99-cent ski day at the Dartmouth Skiway, Polar Bear Swim, Carnival Ball, a gingerbread house building event and the construction of the snow sculpture, Bowers said.
Funds were allocated for the scheduled Carni Classic, human dog sled race and campus sculpture contest, but all were canceled due to unseasonably warm weather.
Students are typically unaware of the cost of the Carnival, Council co-chair Rob Brett ’14 said.
Building the traditional snow sculpture is more expensive than usual this year due to the lack of snow, Bowers said.
To offset the unseasonably warm weather and lack of snow, the Council purchased more than $4,000-worth of snow from the Dartmouth Skiway, she said.
Winter Carnival’s $16,000 budget is comparable to that of previous years, Director of the Collis Center for Student Involvement Eric Ramsey said.
Programming Board allocates more money to Winter Carnival than to any of the other big weekends, Programming Board budget co-chair Maritza Miller ’13 said.
Carnival is one of Programming Board’s largest expenditures of the year, according to Ramsey. Last year’s budget of $18,000 was slightly larger than normal as it was the Carnival’s centennial celebration, Ramsey said.
The additional funds were spent on social events throughout the weekend and a larger snow sculpture.
The funding for each big weekend varies in amount and number of contributors, making them difficult to compare, Ramsey said. Funding for the Carnival is “the most centralized” of any of the weekends, he said.
In contrast, Homecoming is funded largely by the Undergraduate Finance Committee and the Class Councils, while Green Key has no central budget, and each event is sponsored individually, he said.
Expenses for Carnival include decorations for the Carnival Ball, hiring caterers and bands for the various events, security and preparation for the Polar Bear Swim and maintaining emergency response teams at each event, Bowers said.
This year’s uncooperative weather forced the Winter Carnival Council to re-prioritize its budget, Bowers said.
Before accounting for the cost of the snow, the Winter Carnival Council had contemplated hiring an extra bus for the 99-cent ski day and funding horse-drawn carriage rides, initiatives they are seriously considering for next year, Bowers said. This year the Winter Carnival Council is working hard to minimize costs by hiring a cheaper bus company to drive students to the 99-cent ski day and spending less on catering, Bowers said.
The Council had originally tried to reduce costs in order to pay for the fireworks show, which would have been the greatest single expense of the weekend, he said.
Winter Carnival Council also sells T-shirts and Carnival posters including collectible posters from previous years to supplement their allotted budget from Programming Board, Brett said.
The Carnival merchandise is being sold in Collis from 12 p.m. to 8 p.m. Wednesday through Saturday, Bowers said. The Winter Carnival Council expects to earn approximately $6,750 in revenue from these sales, she said.
Before the firework show was canceled due to the presence of cars in the Dewey parking lots, Brett was excited for students to see the pyrotechnic display during the opening ceremony.
Together with the unveiling of the snow sculpture, the lighting of the torches by the ski team captains and College President Jim Yong Kim’s speech, the fireworks would have added significantly to the festive nature of the opening ceremony, according to Brett.
Dartmouth’s Winter Carnival posters are a popular way to commemorate each year’s festivities, with designs ranging from ancient Romans skiing down mountains to Mickey Mouse painting Baker Tower. The first Winter Carnival poster depicted a skier mid-jump above evergreen trees and was designed by Walter Humphries, a member of the Class of 1914.
After 1911, Winter Carnival posters took a hiatus and students did not design Winter Carnival posters for the big weekend again until a school-wide poster competition began in 1932. Since 1966, each poster has reflected the theme, according to College archivist Peter Carini. Until the 1950s, the design contest was open to the public, and the winning designs generally came from the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn.
“It’s interesting to see the whole range of posters and it gives you a sense of how concepts in graphic design have changed over time,” Carini said. “The earlier ones were all about skiing but the newer ones are more focused on the theme.”
Carini said he particularly likes the posters from the 1930s and 1940s because they are graphically interesting and he has a replica of one of these posters hanging in his office in Rauner Library.
“The Winter Carnival poster is the greatest thing that Dartmouth did for the history of graphic art in the 19th century,” Swann Galleries President Nicholas Lowry said.
Swann Galleries, an auction house in New York City which specializes in rare books, has sold vintage Dartmouth Winter Carnival posters for the past 11 years and usually offers the collector’s items in the initial range of $400 to $600, Lowry said.
“It’s a great little collecting niche, why they sell for so much money and why we keep offering them,” he said.
In 2010, Dartmouth College Press published a collection of Winter Carnival posters in a coffee table book titled “Winter Carnival: A Century of Dartmouth Posters.” The College partnered with University Press of New England to produce the book, which contains high-resolution photographs of every Winter Carnival poster.
Swann Galleries held its annual auction on Feb. 2 and offered 19 Winter Carnival posters out of a total of 423 vintage posters owned by Swann Galleries.
A representative from Swann could not be reached to comment on the auction results by press time.
The posters in the Swann collection range in date from 1935 to 1962 and are “incredibly popular” with Dartmouth alumni, Lowry said.
Lowry said he hopes this year’s auction will be as successful as previous years, when several pieces topped $6,000.
The 1936 Winter Carnival poster, designed by painter Dwight Clark Shepler, sold for $7,200 almost double the asking price during last year’s auction.
“Someone must be really passionate about Dartmouth or be a big skiing aficionado to pay that type of money for these posters,” Lowry said.
This year, Swann Galleries auctioned a poster from the 1962 Winter Carnival that Lowry expected would bring in a lot of money because this is the first year it has been offered for sale, he said. Lowry could not be reached by press time to comment on the proceeds of this year’s sale.
Lowry said his favorite poster is from the 1950s and has an advertisement for the winter clothing company Jansen’s.
The poster has a woman taking a picture of a ski jumper going over her head and promotes the Carnival as well as the clothing company. Lowry likes this poster because it is rare and was created by a famous European artist, he said.
To correspond with the 2012 theme, “Carnival in Candyland The Sweetest Carnival Ever,” the 2012 poster, which depicts Baker Tower and a cartoon character from the game Candyland approaching the tower through the forests of the game, was created by Jennifer Freise ’12, who was also the artist of the 2009 Carnival poster.
Freise took inspiration from the “Candyland” theme and said she enjoyed playing with colors and backgrounds.
“I do have to say this is a really neat theme to do art with you can be whimsical with it,” she said.